Social Well-Being Tracker

Our social well-being indicators are based on social determinants of health. These indicators are the economic and social conditions that shape the health of individuals and communities. Social determinants of health also determine the extent to which a person possesses the physical, social, and personal resources to identify and achieve personal aspirations, satisfy needs, and cope with the environment. Social determinants of health are about the quantity and quality of a variety of resources that society makes available to its members. Important considerations include both the quality and their distribution amongst the population. 1

BBPoverty

BB3CFLIM-AT Thresholds, By Family Size

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Poverty is a complex issue. It is the result of multiple social systems failing to protect individuals and families from material deprivation. Some of the consequences of poverty include poor nutrition and physical health, social isolation, and limited financial stability.

For many, poverty is the inability to maintain a standard of daily living that will ensure an individual or family’s overall health and well-being. The effects of poverty, however, are not limited to those who are poor—poverty and social inequality decrease the overall health of a society. When a segment of the population faces barriers to economic opportunity, access to health care, and education (among other factors associated with the social determinates of health), a community cannot reach its full potential.

  • Census Low-Income Measure After-Tax measures poverty thresholds at 50% of the national median income, adjusted for family size.
  • Tracking the Trends uses the Census Family Low-Income Measure After-Tax (CFLIM-AT) to measure poverty. This income data is aggregated and taken from tax returns filed with the Canadian Revenue Agency, known as the T1 Family File.
  • The CFLIM-AT uses Census families as a unit of measure, which are members of a couple family, with or without children, and lone-parents and their children. All other family types are considered non-census families.
  • The CFLIM-AT thresholds are determined at 50% of the national median income, adjusted for family size. They are re-calculated annually. The poverty (or low-income) rate refers to all persons whose household income falls below the thresholds depicted in Figure E1.
  • The after-tax income includes all income transfers from the federal and provincial governments.

This data has been collected from external sources and should not always be attributed to ESPC. We would be happy to provide you with a specific reference for the data that you have used. Please use the contact form on this page to request sourcing information.

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