Social Well-Being Tracker

Our social well-being indicators are based on social determinants of health. These indicators are the economic and social conditions that shape the health of individuals and communities. Social determinants of health also determine the extent to which a person possesses the physical, social, and personal resources to identify and achieve personal aspirations, satisfy needs, and cope with the environment. Social determinants of health are about the quantity and quality of a variety of resources that a society makes available to its members. Important considerations include both the quality and their distribution amongst the population. 1

CEmployment & Labour

C12Percentage Change in Proportion of Employed Persons by Occupation TypeEdmonton CMA

Trend Analysis

Short Term

Long Term


Employment-related measures indicate the strength of an economy and, accordingly, the population’s ability to sustain itself. Higher unemployment rates lead to more people needing income support to maintain a minimal standard of living and challenge governments and businesses to find opportunities to stimulate job growth. Lower unemployment rates also have their challenges—for instance, employed individuals may struggle to balance their work and family roles, and may face difficulties to secure adequate child care or obtain affordable housing. 

The unemployment rates experienced by Indigenous peoples and youth are significantly higher at all times, but especially during economic downturns. While unemployment rates for women have typically been lower than those for men, especially in recent years, women’s earnings from employment continue to be significantly lower than those of men. 

Percentage Change in Proportion of Employed Persons by Occupation Type

  • The size of metro Edmonton’s employed labour force increased by 22.2% from 2006 to 2020
  • Occupational groupings that grew significantly faster than the overall labour force from 2006 to 2020 were: health (95.4%); natural resources and agriculture (40.7%); and natural and applied sciences (74.9%).
  • Occupational groupings that either employed fewer people or grew significantly slower than the overall employed labour force from 2006 to 2020 were: manufacturing and utilities (-11.0%); sales and services (3.0%); and trades, transport, and equipment Operation (4.4%).

C1 to C6. Employment and Unemployment
Statistics Canada. Table 14-10-0385-01 Labour force characteristics, annual (only for years 2006-2020)
Years 1991-2005 from past Tracking the Trends

C7. Duration of Unemployment
Statistics Canada. Table 14-10-0057-01 Duration of un-employment, annual

C8. Off Reserve Indigenous unemployment
Off-Reserve Indigenous Unemployment, Edmonton: Government of Alberta (2017). Labour Force statistics: Alberta Indigenous People Living Off-Reserve Package. Retrieved from

C9 and C10. Seniors and employment
Statistics Canada. Table 11-10-0039-01 - Characteristics of seniors, tax-filers and dependents, seniors with income by source of income and age groups, annual

C11 and C12. Population by Occupation
Statistics Canada. Table 14-10-0314-01 Employment by census metropolitan areas and occupation, annual (x 1,000)

(1) Raphael, D. (2004). Introduction to the social determinants of health. In D. Raphael (ed.) Social Determinates of Health: Canadian perspectives. Toronto: Canadian Scholar's Press Inc.

Our Team


Please click on an individual team member name for more information and to contact them directly. Click here for the general contact form.

Susan Morrissey

Susan Morrissey

Executive Director

Jenn Rossiter

Jenn Rossiter

Research Services and Capacity Building Coordinator

Rowan El-Bialy

Rowan El-Bialy

Strategic Research Coordinator

Sydney Sheloff

Sydney Sheloff

Research Officer

Brett Lambert

Brett Lambert

Community Engagement Coordinator

Justine Basilan

Justine Basilan

Executive Assistant


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Social Well-Being Tracker


Our social well-being indicators are based on social determinants of health. These indicators are the economic and social conditions that shape the health of individuals and communities.

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10544 – 106 Street NW, Suite 200 (Bassani Building)
Edmonton, Alberta T5H 2X6



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