Social Well-Being Tracker

Our social well-being indicators are based on social determinants of health. These indicators are the economic and social conditions that shape the health of individuals and communities. Social determinants of health also determine the extent to which a person possesses the physical, social, and personal resources to identify and achieve personal aspirations, satisfy needs, and cope with the environment. Social determinants of health are about the quantity and quality of a variety of resources that a society makes available to its members. Important considerations include both the quality and their distribution amongst the population. 1

ADemographics

A3Number of Temporary Residents with Valid Permits on December 31, by programAlberta

Trend Analysis

Short Term

Decrease

Long Term

Increase

Indicators

Demographics are, simply put, the characteristics of a population. Demographics can include the age range within a community, racial and cultural composition, and household types. Knowing the basic attributes of a community is essential to make decisions about programs, services, and policies needed to support community members.  

Some groups in Canada face unequal access to factors associated with the social determinants of health, such as health care, education, and housing. If the demographics of vulnerable groups within a community are known, decision-makers can allocate resources and provide targeted services and programs specific to that community that could ultimately improve well-being.  

Number of Temporary Residents with Valid Permits on December 31, by program

  • The number of temporary residents coming to Alberta to work increased rapidly between 2005 and 2013. Since the economic downturn began in late 2014, their numbers have declined significantly, despite a small increase in 2019.
  • The decline has been particularly noticeable in the Temporary Foreign Worker category where people are recruited to come to Alberta to fill mainly low skill positions. On December 31, 2013 there were 46,400 temporary foreign workers in Alberta. Seven years later, on December 31, 2020 the number had dropped to 10,020.
  • There continues to be steady growth in the number of international students attending educational institutions in Alberta. The number of international students has increased from 12,205 on December 31, 2005, to 27,785 on December 31, 2020, a 127.6% increase.

A1. Population chart/table
CMA historical population, 1981-1996: Canada West Foundation. Vander Ploeg, C. G. (2008). Big Cities and the Census: The Growing Importance of Big Cities on the Demographic Landscape.
Statistics Canada. 2017. Edmonton, CY [Census subdivision), Alberta and Division No. 11, CDR [Census division], Alberta (table). Census Profile. 2016 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-316-X2016001. Ottawa. Released November 29, 2017.
Statistics Canada. 2017. Edmonton [Census metropolitan area], Alberta and Alberta [Province] (table). Census Profile. 2016 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no 98-316-X2016001. Ottawa. Released November 29, 2017. http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/dp-pd/prof/details/page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CMACA&Code1=835&Geo2=
Statistics Canada. Table 17-10-0142-01 Population estimates, July 1, by census subdivision, 2016 boundaries
Statistics Canada. Table 17-10-0135-01 Population estimates, July 1, by census metropolitan area and census agglomeration, 2016 boundaries
City of Edmonton (2019). 2019 Municipal Census Results. https://www.edmonton.ca/city_government/facts_figures/municipal-census-results.aspx

A2. Annual Entry of Permanent Residents
Permanent Residents, Edmonton: Government of Canada. (2019). Canada – Admissions of Permanent Residents by Province/Territory and Census Metropolitan Area of Intended Destination. Retrieved from: http://open.canada.ca/data/en/dataset/f7e5498e-0ad8-4417-85c9-9b8aff9b9eda

A3. Temporary Residents with valid permits
Permanent Residents by Category, Alberta: Government of Canada. (2019). Admissions of Permanent Residents by Province/Territory and Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) of Intended Destination and Immigration Category. Retrieved from http://open.canada.ca/data/en/da-taset/ad975a26-df23-456a-8ada-756191a23695

A4. Lone-parent to Couple family ratio
Statistics Canada. Table 11-10-0017-01 Census families by family type and family composition including before and after-tax median income of the family

(1) Raphael, D. (2004). Introduction to the social determinants of health. In D. Raphael (ed.) Social Determinates of Health: Canadian perspectives. Toronto: Canadian Scholar's Press Inc.

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