Social Well-Being Tracker

Our social well-being indicators are based on social determinants of health. These indicators are the economic and social conditions that shape the health of individuals and communities. Social determinants of health also determine the extent to which a person possesses the physical, social, and personal resources to identify and achieve personal aspirations, satisfy needs, and cope with the environment. Social determinants of health are about the quantity and quality of a variety of resources that a society makes available to its members. Important considerations include both the quality and their distribution amongst the population. 1

EBuilt Environment

E5Number of Homeless Persons, by Shelter TypesEdmonton City

Trend Analysis

Short Term

Long Term

Trend Value Negative


Built Environment. For almost everyone, housing represents the largest living cost. The availability, affordability, and adequacy of housing is therefore crucial to quality of life for both renters and homeowners.

Renters tend to have lower and more variable incomes and are therefore less able to afford substantial rent increases or the cost of purchasing a home. Vulnerable groups that face barriers, such as recent immigrants, refugees, and Indigenous peoples, often live in crowded or substandard housing.

Home ownership rates are an indicator of the overall level of financial independence in a community. Buying a home requires savings that many low- and moderate-income families do not have. Rising housing costs can make it more difficult to enter the housing market.

Incomes are intricately linked to housing affordability. If incomes do not keep up with the rising cost of housing, people’s ability to cover other living costs and to save for their future (education, retirement, etc.) declines.

  • Traditionally, homelessness has been thought of people living without a roof over their head. However, homelessness can also refer to situations in which a person has a place to stay, but that place is temporary, unsafe, or unsuitable for habitation.
  • The BNL categorizes homelessness into three different types. Unsheltered refers to people who are sleeping “rough,” or outside. Emergency sheltered refers to people who are sleeping in shelters. Provisionally accommodated includes people living temporarily with others, in interim, transitional, short-term housing or institutional care
  • The majority of homeless persons are provisionally accommodated.

E1 to E2. Rental Housing

Rent and Vacancy Rates, Edmonton. Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation. (2019). Rental Market Report, Edmonton CMA. Retrieved from

E3. Residential Selling Price

Residential Selling Price, Edmonton: Realtors Association of Edmonton. (2097), 2018 and 2019 data obtained from Quarterly Market Report. Retrieved from: Prior years data received directly from Realtors Association of Edmonton.

E4 to E6. Homelessness Data

Canadian Alliance to End Homelessness (May 9, 2018). Why real-time data is the foundation for ending homelessness. Canadian Alliance to End Homelessness. Retrieved from:

Homeward Trust (2019). Edmonton By Name List. Retrieved from:!/vizhome/Edmon-tonBNL/BNLDashboard

(1) Raphael, D. (2004). Introduction to the social determinants of health. In D. Raphael (ed.) Social Determinates of Health: Canadian perspectives. Toronto: Canadian Scholar's Press Inc.

Contact Info


10544 – 106 Street NW, Suite 200 (Bassani Building)
Edmonton, Alberta T5H 2X6



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