Social Well-Being Tracker

Our social well-being indicators are based on social determinants of health. These indicators are the economic and social conditions that shape the health of individuals and communities. Social determinants of health also determine the extent to which a person possesses the physical, social, and personal resources to identify and achieve personal aspirations, satisfy needs, and cope with the environment. Social determinants of health are about the quantity and quality of a variety of resources that society makes available to its members. Important considerations include both the quality and their distribution amongst the population. 1

BDGovernment Transfers

BD6Source of Government Transfers, All Family TypesEdmonton CMA

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Government Transfers. Government income supports (also known as income transfers), as well as other social programs and services, play an important role in the prevention of poverty.

For many people, hard work is not enough to break the cycle of poverty. Barriers to accessing well-paid employment include: limited English language proficiency, lower education completion, unrecognized international credentials, social isolation, limited access to child care, conflicting work and family responsibilities, and even the difficulties of navigating government programs. These barriers disproportionately affect visible minority groups (particularly newcomers), Indigenous peoples, persons with disabilities, and lone-parent women.

  • Retirement income make up the largest sources of government transfers for all family types.
  • For all family types of all ages combined in the Edmonton CMA, in the 2019 tax year government transfers comprised 10.9% of all income.
  • The two largest components of government transfers for all family types are retirement income including the contributory Canada Pension Plan (CPP) and the non-contributory Old Age Security (OAS) and Guaranteed Income Supplement (GIS).

This data has been collected from external sources and should not always be attributed to ESPC. We would be happy to provide you with a specific reference for the data that you have used. Please use the contact form on this page to request sourcing information.

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