Social Well-Being Indicator Tracker

Our social well-being indicators are based on social determinants of health. These indicators are the economic and social conditions that shape the health of individuals and communities. Social determinants of health also determine the extent to which a person possesses the physical, social, and personal resources to identify and achieve personal aspirations, satisfy needs, and cope with the environment. Social determinants of health are about the quantity and quality of a variety of resources that society makes available to its members. Important considerations include both the quality and their distribution amongst the population.

BDGovernment Transfer Indicators




BD9 Source of Government Transfers, Single Adults, Edmonton CMA, 2018



BD9 Source of Government Transfers, Single Adults, Edmonton CMA, 2018

BDGovernment Transfers Indicators

BDGovernment Transfers Indicators Menu

  • Retirement income is the largest source of government transfers for single adults.
  • The two largest components of government transfers for single adults was retirement income from CPP and OAS/GIS.
  • Because eligibility for CPP, OAS, and GIS does not start until the age of 65, there is a paucity of supports for single adults who are still of working age.

Government Transfers. Government income supports (also known as income transfers), as well as other social programs and services, play an important role in the prevention of poverty.

For many people, hard work is not enough to break the cycle of poverty. Barriers to accessing well-paid employment include: limited English language proficiency, lower education completion, unrecognized international credentials, social isolation, limited access to child care, conflicting work and family responsibilities, and even the difficulties of navigating government programs. These barriers disproportionately affect visible minority groups (particularly newcomers), Indigenous peoples, persons with disabilities, and lone-parent women.

This data has been collected from external sources and should not always be attributed to ESPC. We would be happy to provide you with a specific reference for the data that you have used. Please click on the text to the right to request sourcing information, report an error or omission, or provide your comments

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