Social Well-Being Tracker

Our social well-being indicators are based on social determinants of health. These indicators are the economic and social conditions that shape the health of individuals and communities. Social determinants of health also determine the extent to which a person possesses the physical, social, and personal resources to identify and achieve personal aspirations, satisfy needs, and cope with the environment. Social determinants of health are about the quantity and quality of a variety of resources that a society makes available to its members. Important considerations include both the quality and their distribution amongst the population. 1

CEmployment & Labour

C1Number of Employed PersonsEdmonton CMA

Trend Analysis

Short Term

Decrease

Long Term

Indicators

Employment-related measures indicate the strength of an economy and, accordingly, the population’s ability to sustain itself. Higher unemployment rates lead to more people needing income support to maintain a minimal standard of living and challenge governments and businesses to find opportunities to stimulate job growth. Lower unemployment rates also have their challenges—for instance, employed individuals may struggle to balance their work and family roles, and may face difficulties to secure adequate child care or obtain affordable housing. 

The unemployment rates experienced by Indigenous peoples and youth are significantly higher at all times, but especially during economic downturns. While unemployment rates for women have typically been lower than those for men, especially in recent years, women’s earnings from employment continue to be significantly lower than those of men. 

  • The number of employed Edmontonians has significantly increased.
  • In 2020, an average of 707,700 people in metro Edmonton were employed, a 1% increase since 2000
  • The number of employed people has been steadily increasing in Edmonton. Employment tends to grow more slowly or even decrease during economic downturns and rises sharply during times of economic prosperity. Employment reached a record high of 769,900 employed persons in the year 2019.
  • The COVID-19 pandemic caused a sharp fall of 62,200 employed persons in the year 2020, a decrease of 8.1% from the previous year.

C1 to C6. Employment and Unemployment
Statistics Canada. Table 14-10-0385-01 Labour force characteristics, annual (only for years 2006-2020)
Years 1991-2005 from past Tracking the Trends

C7. Duration of Unemployment
Statistics Canada. Table 14-10-0057-01 Duration of un-employment, annual

C8. Off Reserve Indigenous unemployment
Off-Reserve Indigenous Unemployment, Edmonton: Government of Alberta (2017). Labour Force statistics: Alberta Indigenous People Living Off-Reserve Package. Retrieved from https://open.alberta.ca/publications/3094714

C9 and C10. Seniors and employment
Statistics Canada. Table 11-10-0039-01 - Characteristics of seniors, tax-filers and dependents, seniors with income by source of income and age groups, annual

C11 and C12. Population by Occupation
Statistics Canada. Table 14-10-0314-01 Employment by census metropolitan areas and occupation, annual (x 1,000)

(1) Raphael, D. (2004). Introduction to the social determinants of health. In D. Raphael (ed.) Social Determinates of Health: Canadian perspectives. Toronto: Canadian Scholar's Press Inc.

Contact Info

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10544 – 106 Street NW, Suite 200 (Bassani Building)
Edmonton, Alberta T5H 2X6

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780-423-2031

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