Social Well-Being Tracker
Our social well-being indicators are based on social determinants of health. These indicators are the economic and social conditions that shape the health of individuals and communities. Social determinants of health also determine the extent to which a person possesses the physical, social, and personal resources to identify and achieve personal aspirations, satisfy needs, and cope with the environment. Social determinants of health are about the quantity and quality of a variety of resources that a society makes available to its members. Important considerations include both the quality and their distribution amongst the population. 1
F3Crime Severity IndexEdmonton City
Social inclusion is a concept in which every person in Canada has equal access to resources and opportunities, and is a valued member of society.
In reality, many aspects of Canadian society (such as racism, discriminatory policies, and an unequal economic system) marginalize groups and limit their access to social, cultural, and economic resources. This kind of social exclusion predominately affects Indigenous peoples, visible minorities, newcomers, women, LGBTQ2S+, and people living in low-income or with disabilities.
Social exclusion can lead to lower wages or unemployment, limited access to social services, and fewer opportunities for educational advancement. These barriers may then contribute to increased poverty, housing insecurity, and crime. Socially excluded groups are also less likely to participate in politics due to limited political power and influence on decision-makers. Overall, being socially excluded makes it difficult to participate in one’s community.
- The Crime Severity Index measures not only the volume of crime, but tracks its relative severity as well.
- While declining overall, in the past 18 years the Crime Severity Index hit a high of 144.3 in 2004, dropped to a low of 84.7 in 2012, and increased to 114.9 in 2019.
F1 and F2. Crime Rates
Statistics Canada. Table 35-10-0177-01 Incident-based crime statistics, by detailed violations, Canada, provinces, territories and Census Metropolitan G11. Areas
F3 Crime Severity Index
Statistics Canada. Table 35-10-0026-01 Crime severity index and weighted clearance rates, Canada, provinces, territories and Census Metropolitan Areas
F4. Voter Turnout
Election Canada (2019). Official voting results: Forty-third general election. Retrieved from: https://www.elec-tions.ca/res/rep/off/ovr2019app/home.html
Elections Alberta (2019). 2019 general election: A report of the chief electoral officer (Vol. 2). Retrieved from: https://www.elections.ab.ca/wp-con-tent/uploads/Volume-2-2019-Provincial-General-Election-Report.pdf
Previous election results retrieved from previous editions of Tracking the Trends
(1) Raphael, D. (2004). Introduction to the social determinants of health. In D. Raphael (ed.) Social Determinates of Health: Canadian perspectives. Toronto: Canadian Scholar's Press Inc.