Social Well-Being Indicator Tracker

Our social well-being indicators are based on social determinants of health. These indicators are the economic and social conditions that shape the health of individuals and communities. Social determinants of health also determine the extent to which a person possesses the physical, social, and personal resources to identify and achieve personal aspirations, satisfy needs, and cope with the environment. Social determinants of health are about the quantity and quality of a variety of resources that society makes available to its members. Important considerations include both the quality and their distribution amongst the population.

BDGovernment Transfer Indicators




BD5 Number of Individuals Receiving Employment Insurance (EI), Edmonton CMA



BD5 Number of Individuals Receiving Employment Insurance (EI), Edmonton CMA

BDGovernment Transfers Indicators

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  • Claims for Employment Insurance (EI) ebb and flow due to economic cycles.
  • Of all income transfer programs, EI is most closely tied to economic cycles. A worker is only eligible for EI if they are laid off or involuntarily lose employment.
  • Over the past 20 years, the number of metro Edmonton residents receiving EI reached a low of 6,473 in 2007 (a boom year), spiked to 17,915 in 2009 during the global financial crisis, dropped to 9,778 during the economic recovery, only to spike again to an average of 27,388 in 2016 in the aftermath of the oil price collapse.
  • In 2019, the number of metro Edmonton residents receiving EI dropped to 17,435.

Government Transfers. Government income supports (also known as income transfers), as well as other social programs and services, play an important role in the prevention of poverty.

For many people, hard work is not enough to break the cycle of poverty. Barriers to accessing well-paid employment include: limited English language proficiency, lower education completion, unrecognized international credentials, social isolation, limited access to child care, conflicting work and family responsibilities, and even the difficulties of navigating government programs. These barriers disproportionately affect visible minority groups (particularly newcomers), Indigenous peoples, persons with disabilities, and lone-parent women.

This data has been collected from external sources and should not always be attributed to ESPC. We would be happy to provide you with a specific reference for the data that you have used. Please click on the text to the right to request sourcing information, report an error or omission, or provide your comments

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