Social Well-Being Tracker

Our social well-being indicators are based on social determinants of health. These indicators are the economic and social conditions that shape the health of individuals and communities. Social determinants of health also determine the extent to which a person possesses the physical, social, and personal resources to identify and achieve personal aspirations, satisfy needs, and cope with the environment. Social determinants of health are about the quantity and quality of a variety of resources that a society makes available to its members. Important considerations include both the quality and their distribution amongst the population. 1

DEducation & Literacy

D6Indigenous Student High School CompletionEdmonton City

Trend Analysis

Short Term

Long Term


Education is a significant determinant of health, as educational attainment influences career options and lifetime earning potential. University graduates earn significantly higher incomes than high school graduates—on a per annum and lifetime basis. Education also provides some protection against economic fluctuations. Individuals with higher education are less likely to become unemployed in the event of an economic downturn. They are also more likely to achieve financial security after retiring. The importance of education has grown as the economy becomes increasingly reliant on industries that require specialized knowledge and technical expertise. 

  • Both Edmonton school boards have developed specialized programming to improve learning outcomes for Indigenous students. This includes Indigenous-led schools such as amiskwaciy Academy in Edmonton Public and Ben Calf Robe School in Edmonton Catholic, but also many other initiatives in other mainstream schools—especially those with a significant number of Indigenous students. Due to these efforts, high school completion rates for Indigenous students have been improving in both school jurisdictions. But graduation rates for Indigenous students still significantly trail those of non-Indigenous students.
  • In the 2009/10 school year, the three-year high school completion rate for Indigenous students attending Edmonton Public Schools was 26.6%. This improved to a 42.6% completion rate for the 2018/19 school year.
  • In the 2009/10 school year, the three-year high school completion rate for Indigenous students attending Edmonton Catholic Schools was 28.3%. This improved to a record high 60.6% completion rate for the 2017/18 school year. It then decreased to a 52.6% completion rate for the 2018/19 school year.

D1 to D7. All K to 12 Education Charts
Edmonton Catholic Schools. (2019). Walking together in the light of christ. Annual Education Results Re-port 2018-2019. Three Year Educational Plan 2010-2022. Retrieved from

Edmonton Public Schools. (2019). Three Year Education Plan (3YEP) 2019-2022. Annual Education Results Report (AERR) 2018-2019 School Year. Retrieved from

(1) Raphael, D. (2004). Introduction to the social determinants of health. In D. Raphael (ed.) Social Determinates of Health: Canadian perspectives. Toronto: Canadian Scholar's Press Inc.

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