Social Well-Being Indicator Tracker

Our social well-being indicators are based on social determinants of health. These indicators are the economic and social conditions that shape the health of individuals and communities. Social determinants of health also determine the extent to which a person possesses the physical, social, and personal resources to identify and achieve personal aspirations, satisfy needs, and cope with the environment. Social determinants of health are about the quantity and quality of a variety of resources that society makes available to its members. Important considerations include both the quality and their distribution amongst the population.

BAIncome and Income Gap Indicators




BA9 Real Median After-Tax Income Growth (Edmonton CMA)



BA9 Real Median After-Tax Income Growth (Edmonton CMA)

BAIncome and Income Gap Indicators

BAIncome and Income Gap Indicators Menu

  • Over the past 36 years, income inequality in Edmonton has increased.
  • After adjusting for inflation, the top 1% of tax-filers saw a 28.3% increase in the real after-tax incomes compared to a 5.3% increase for the bottom 99% of tax-filers from 1982 to 2018.
  • The top 0.1% of tax-filers experienced a 54.3% increase in their real incomes from 1982 to 2018, compared to a 3.8% increase for the bottom 90% of tax-filers, and a 3.0% increase for the bottom 50% of tax-filers.

Income is perhaps the most important social determinate of health. The level of income affects an individual or family’s ability to access goods and services that shape their living conditions and quality of life. Individuals and families need an income to pay for child care, housing, post-secondary education, healthy food, and out-of-pocket medical costs. Individuals and families with low incomes may face difficulty affording basic necessities and may be at higher risk of poverty and social exclusion.

It is important to consider income against the rising costs of living. When the cost of living increases at a faster rate than incomes, more low- and modest-income families are at risk of poverty.

This data has been collected from external sources and should not always be attributed to ESPC. We would be happy to provide you with a specific reference for the data that you have used. Please click on the text to the right to request sourcing information, report an error or omission, or provide your comments

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