Social Well-Being Tracker

Our social well-being indicators are based on social determinants of health. These indicators are the economic and social conditions that shape the health of individuals and communities. Social determinants of health also determine the extent to which a person possesses the physical, social, and personal resources to identify and achieve personal aspirations, satisfy needs, and cope with the environment. Social determinants of health are about the quantity and quality of a variety of resources that a society makes available to its members. Important considerations include both the quality and their distribution amongst the population. 1

BAIncome & Income Gaps

BA10Value of Alberta Minimum Wage, Constant DollarsAlberta

Trend Analysis

Short Term

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Long Term

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Trend Value Positive


Income is perhaps the most important social determinate of health. Level of income affects an individual or family’s ability to access goods and services that shape their living conditions and quality of life. Individuals and families need an income to pay for child care, housing, post-secondary education, healthy food, and out-of-pocket medical costs. Individuals and families with low incomes may face difficulty affording basic necessities and may be at higher risk of poverty and social exclusion.

It is important to consider income against the rising costs of living. When the cost of living increases at a faster rate than incomes, more low- and modest-income families are at risk of poverty.

Value of Alberta Minimum Wage, $2020 Constant Dollars

  • Adjusted for inflation, the value of Alberta’s minimum wage has been on the rise for the last decade.
  • For many years from the late 1970s to the mid-2000s, Alberta’s minimum wage was adjusted only occasionally, causing its real value to decline once inflation was factored in. In the mid-2000s, the PC government, under Ed Stelmach, began regular increases to the minimum wage.
  • In October 2018, the NDP government raised the minimum wage to $15 an hour, the highest it has ever been.
  • In June 2019, the UCP government implemented a reduced minimum wage to $13 an hour for youth (workers under the age of 18).

Frenette, Marc. (2007). Why are youth from lower-in-come families less likely to attend university? Evidence from academic abilities, parental influences, and financial constraints. Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series. Catalogue no. 11F0019MIE - No. 295

BA1. Number of Tax-filers Statistics Canada. Table 11-10-0004-01 Selected characteristics of tax filers and dependants, income and demographics (final T1 Family File).

BA2. Female to male income ratio Statistics Canada. Table 11-10-0050-01 Tax filers and dependents with income by after-tax income, sex and age.

BA3 to BA5. Median after tax income by family type Statistics Canada. Table 11-10-0017-01 Census families by family type and family composition including before and after-tax median income of the family.

BA6 to BA8. Source of Income, By family type Statistics Canada. Table 11-10-0014-01 Sources of in-come by census family type

BA9. Real Median After tax income growth Statistics Canada. Table 11-10-0056-01 High income tax filers in Canada, specific geographic area thresholds, Statistics Canada. Table 18-10-0005-01 Consumer Price Index, annual average, not seasonally adjusted

BA10. Value of Alberta Minimum Wage Statistics Canada. (2018). Hourly minimum wages in Canada for adult workers. Retrieved from: , Statistics Canada. Table 18-10-0005-01 Consumer Price Index, annual average, not seasonally adjusted

BA11. Consumer Insolvency Rate Government of Canada (2020). Annual consumer insolvency rates by census metropolitan area. Retrieved from:

(1) Raphael, D. (2004). Introduction to the social determinants of health. In D. Raphael (ed.) Social Determinates of Health: Canadian perspectives. Toronto: Canadian Scholar’s Press Inc.

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Edmonton, Alberta T5H 2X6



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