Social Well-Being Tracker

Our social well-being indicators are based on social determinants of health. These indicators are the economic and social conditions that shape the health of individuals and communities. Social determinants of health also determine the extent to which a person possesses the physical, social, and personal resources to identify and achieve personal aspirations, satisfy needs, and cope with the environment. Social determinants of health are about the quantity and quality of a variety of resources that society makes available to its members. Important considerations include both the quality and their distribution amongst the population. 1


BB4Proportion of Persons Living in PovertyEdmonton CMA

Trend Analysis

Short Term

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Long Term

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Poverty is a complex issue. It is the result of multiple social systems failing to protect individuals and families from material deprivation. Some of the consequences of poverty include poor nutrition and physical health, social isolation, and limited financial stability.

For many, poverty is the inability to maintain a standard of daily living that will ensure an individual or family’s overall health and well-being. The effects of poverty, however, are not limited to those who are poor—poverty and social inequality decrease the overall health of a society. When a segment of the population faces barriers to economic opportunity, access to health care, and education (among other factors associated with the social determinates of health), a community cannot reach its full potential.

  • The overall proportion of persons living in poverty has been improving.
  • In the Edmonton CMA, 179,690 residents lived in low-income in 2019, or a poverty rate of 12.9% of the total population. This is an improvement from the year 2000, when 147,540 residents lived in low-income, or a poverty rate of 15.9% of the total population. The higher prevalence of poverty is due to the lower population count in 2000.
  • The largest decline in the poverty rate took place between the years 2000 and 2006, in which the poverty rate dropped by 3.8 percentage points. Since then, the poverty rate has fluctuated slightly over the years.

This data has been collected from external sources and should not always be attributed to ESPC. We would be happy to provide you with a specific reference for the data that you have used. Please use the contact form on this page to request sourcing information.

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