Social Well-Being Tracker

Our social well-being indicators are based on social determinants of health. These indicators are the economic and social conditions that shape the health of individuals and communities. Social determinants of health also determine the extent to which a person possesses the physical, social, and personal resources to identify and achieve personal aspirations, satisfy needs, and cope with the environment. Social determinants of health are about the quantity and quality of a variety of resources that a society makes available to its members. Important considerations include both the quality and their distribution amongst the population. 1

EBuilt Environment

E4Number of Homeless PersonsEdmonton City

Trend Analysis

Short Term

Long Term

Trend Value Negative


Housing is typically the largest cost that individuals and families have. Housing that is affordable, suitable, and adequate is a key determinate of an individual or family’s health and well-being. However, housing that is overcrowded, in need of repairs, or has health risks (for example, has mould or poor ventilation) can directly impact an individual’s physical and mental health. Additionally, paying for housing that is unaffordable (that is, costing more than 30% of a family’s income) reduces a family’s overall ability to address other determinates of health. 

  • In the past, ESPC reported homeless trends through data from PiT counts. According to PiT count data, the number of persons experiencing homelessness peaked at 3,079 persons in 2008. In 2009, the 10 year plan to end homelessness was implemented, and numbers dropped to 1,752 by 2016.
  • For this indicator, data from the Edmonton By-Names List (BNL) is used. Reporting is quarterly; Quarter 1 (Q1) refers to January through March, Quarter 2 (Q2) refers to April through June, Quarter 3 (Q3) refers to July through September, and Quarter 4 (Q4) refers to October through December. These three months are averaged for the quarter.
  • BNL data shows how homelessness in Edmonton fluctuates throughout the year.
  • The BNL list only began in May of 2018, so there is a lack of long term data. Please refer to the 2018 edition of Tracking the Trends for long-term data using PiT counts.

E1 to E2. Rental Housing

Rent and Vacancy Rates, Edmonton. Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation. (2019). Rental Market Report, Edmonton CMA. Retrieved from

E3. Residential Selling Price

Residential Selling Price, Edmonton: Realtors Association of Edmonton. (2097), 2018 and 2019 data obtained from Quarterly Market Report. Retrieved from: Prior years data received directly from Realtors Association of Edmonton.

E4 to E6. Homelessness Data

Canadian Alliance to End Homelessness (May 9, 2018). Why real-time data is the foundation for ending homelessness. Canadian Alliance to End Homelessness. Retrieved from:

Homeward Trust (2019). Edmonton By Name List. Retrieved from:!/vizhome/Edmon-tonBNL/BNLDashboard

(1) Raphael, D. (2004). Introduction to the social determinants of health. In D. Raphael (ed.) Social Determinates of Health: Canadian perspectives. Toronto: Canadian Scholar's Press Inc.

Contact Info


10544 – 106 Street NW, Suite 200 (Bassani Building)
Edmonton, Alberta T5H 2X6



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