Social Well-Being Tracker

Our social well-being indicators are based on social determinants of health. These indicators are the economic and social conditions that shape the health of individuals and communities. Social determinants of health also determine the extent to which a person possesses the physical, social, and personal resources to identify and achieve personal aspirations, satisfy needs, and cope with the environment. Social determinants of health are about the quantity and quality of a variety of resources that society makes available to its members. Important considerations include both the quality and their distribution amongst the population. 1

We have organized our social well-being indicators into seven main categories: A - Demographics, B - Income (B - Income, has been separated into four subcategories to handle the complexity and volume of data in this indicator)  BA - Income and Income Gaps, BB - Poverty, BC - Cost of Living, BD - Government Transfers, C - Employment and Labour, D - Education and Literacy, E - Built Environment, F - Social Inclusion, G - Health and Health Services.

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Social inclusion is a concept in which every person in Canada has equal access to resources and opportunities, and is a valued member of society.

In reality, many aspects of Canadian society (such as racism, discriminatory policies, and an unequal economic system) marginalize groups and limit their access to social, cultural, and economic resources. This kind of social exclusion predominately affects Indigenous peoples, visible minorities, newcomers, women, LGBTQ2S+, and people living in low-income or with disabilities.

Social exclusion can lead to lower wages or unemployment, limited access to social services, and fewer opportunities for educational advancement. These barriers may then contribute to increased poverty, housing insecurity, and crime. Socially excluded groups are also less likely to participate in politics due to limited political power and influence on decision-makers. Overall, being socially excluded makes it difficult to participate in one’s community.

This data has been collected from external sources and should not always be attributed to ESPC. We would be happy to provide you with a specific reference for the data that you have used. Please use the contact form on this page to request sourcing information.

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