Social Well-Being Tracker

Our social well-being indicators are based on social determinants of health. These indicators are the economic and social conditions that shape the health of individuals and communities. Social determinants of health also determine the extent to which a person possesses the physical, social, and personal resources to identify and achieve personal aspirations, satisfy needs, and cope with the environment. Social determinants of health are about the quantity and quality of a variety of resources that society makes available to its members. Important considerations include both the quality and their distribution amongst the population. 1

FSocial Inclusion

F4Voter Turnout, Average of Federal, Provincial and Municipal ElectionsEdmonton City

Trend Analysis

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Social inclusion is a concept in which every person in Canada has equal access to resources and opportunities, and is a valued member of society.

In reality, many aspects of Canadian society (such as racism, discriminatory policies, and an unequal economic system) marginalize groups and limit their access to social, cultural, and economic resources. This kind of social exclusion predominately affects Indigenous peoples, visible minorities, newcomers, women, LGBTQ2S+, and people living in low-income or with disabilities.

Social exclusion can lead to lower wages or unemployment, limited access to social services, and fewer opportunities for educational advancement. These barriers may then contribute to increased poverty, housing insecurity, and crime. Socially excluded groups are also less likely to participate in politics due to limited political power and influence on decision-makers. Overall, being socially excluded makes it difficult to participate in one’s community.

  • Voter turnout by Edmontonians is consistently the highest for federal elections and consistently lowest for municipal elections.
  • Competitive elections—with the prospect of a change in government at the federal/provincial levels, and a competitive mayoralty race at the municipal level—tend to lead to higher voter turnout.
  • The 2019 provincial election was highly competitive with a change from an NDP government to a UCP one. It had the highest voter turnout in the Edmonton region in the past two decades.

This data has been collected from external sources and should not always be attributed to ESPC. We would be happy to provide you with a specific reference for the data that you have used. Please use the contact form on this page to request sourcing information.

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