Social Well-Being Tracker
Our social well-being indicators are based on social determinants of health. These indicators are the economic and social conditions that shape the health of individuals and communities. Social determinants of health also determine the extent to which a person possesses the physical, social, and personal resources to identify and achieve personal aspirations, satisfy needs, and cope with the environment. Social determinants of health are about the quantity and quality of a variety of resources that society makes available to its members. Important considerations include both the quality and their distribution amongst the population. 1
We have organized our social well-being indicators into seven main categories: A - Demographics, B - Income (B - Income, has been separated into four subcategories to handle the complexity and volume of data in this indicator) BA - Income and Income Gaps, BB - Poverty, BC - Cost of Living, BD - Government Transfers, C - Employment and Labour, D - Education and Literacy, E - Built Environment, F - Social Inclusion, G - Health and Health Services.
Housing is typically the largest cost that individuals and families have. Housing that is affordable, suitable, and adequate is a key determinate of an individual or family’s health and well-being. However, housing that is overcrowded, in need of repairs, or has health risks (for example, has mould or poor ventilation) can directly impact an individual’s physical and mental health. Additionally, paying for housing that is unaffordable (that is, costing more than 30% of a family’s income) reduces a family’s overall ability to address other determinates of health.
E1 to E2. Rental Housing
Rent and Vacancy Rates, Edmonton. Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation. (2019). Rental Market Report, Edmonton CMA. Retrieved from https://www.cmhc-schl.gc.ca/en/data-and-re-search/data-tables/rental-market
E3. Residential Selling Price
Residential Selling Price, Edmonton: Realtors Association of Edmonton. (2097), 2018 and 2019 data obtained from Quarterly Market Report. Retrieved from: https://realtorsofedmon-ton.com/web/RAE_Public/Market_Stats/Quar-terly_Market_Reports/RAE_Public/Market_Sta-tistics/Quarterly_Market_Re-ports.aspx?hkey=47627ca5-c66b-4a96-a01b-ecf99ef5159d. Prior years data received directly from Realtors Association of Edmonton.
E4 to E6. Homelessness Data
Canadian Alliance to End Homelessness (May 9, 2018). Why real-time data is the foundation for ending homelessness. Canadian Alliance to End Homelessness. Retrieved from: https://caeh.ca/real-time-data/
Homeward Trust (2019). Edmonton By Name List. Retrieved from: https://public.tableau.com/pro-file/homewardtrust#!/vizhome/Edmon-tonBNL/BNLDashboard
(1) Raphael, D. (2004). Introduction to the social determinants of health. In D. Raphael (ed.) Social Determinates of Health: Canadian perspectives. Toronto: Canadian Scholar's Press Inc.