Social Well-Being Tracker

Our social well-being indicators are based on social determinants of health. These indicators are the economic and social conditions that shape the health of individuals and communities. Social determinants of health also determine the extent to which a person possesses the physical, social, and personal resources to identify and achieve personal aspirations, satisfy needs, and cope with the environment. Social determinants of health are about the quantity and quality of a variety of resources that society makes available to its members. Important considerations include both the quality and their distribution amongst the population. 1

BAIncome & Income Gaps

BA6Source of Income, Couple FamiliesEdmonton CMA

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Income is perhaps the most important social determinate of health. Level of income affects an individual or family’s ability to access goods and services that shape their living conditions and quality of life. Individuals and families need an income to pay for child care, housing, post-secondary education, healthy food, and out-of-pocket medical costs. Individuals and families with low incomes may face difficulty affording basic necessities and may be at higher risk of poverty and social exclusion.

It is important to consider income against the rising costs of living. When the cost of living increases at a faster rate than incomes, more low- and modest-income families are at risk of poverty.

  • Couple families rely on employment as the main source of income, but reliance on government transfers and own source income have increased.
  • The main source of income for couple families is employment. In 2019, the percentage of total income from employment income declined to 77.1%, from 82.0% in the year 2000.
  • Own source income (investments, savings, pensions) has increased as a proportion of total income from 11.1% in the year 2000 to 14.3% in 2019.
  • Reliance of couple families on government income transfers has increased from 6.9% in in the year 2000 to 8.6% in the year 2019.

This data has been collected from external sources and should not always be attributed to ESPC. We would be happy to provide you with a specific reference for the data that you have used. Please use the contact form on this page to request sourcing information.

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