Social Well-Being Tracker
Our social well-being indicators are based on social determinants of health. These indicators are the economic and social conditions that shape the health of individuals and communities. Social determinants of health also determine the extent to which a person possesses the physical, social, and personal resources to identify and achieve personal aspirations, satisfy needs, and cope with the environment. Social determinants of health are about the quantity and quality of a variety of resources that a society makes available to its members. Important considerations include both the quality and their distribution amongst the population. 1
GHealth & Health Services
G4Low Birth Weight Babies, less than 2,500 gramsEdmonton Zone
Canada’s universal health care system aims to ensure that all Canadians are provided equal access to health services without financial barriers. Unfortunately, Canadians continue to face challenges in accessing medical care due to poverty and systemic discrimination. Many Black and Indigenous people in Canada lack trust in the system as a result of historical and contemporary discrimination and trauma.
All Canadians face long wait times for particular health services, but for people living in poverty these long wait times for even the most basic care may prove prohibitive. Combined with medical costs that are not covered by the system and must be paid out-of-pocket or through costly insurance program (such as prescription drugs, dental care, or mental health services), marginalized populations are unlikely to have reliable access to health care services. This is more alarming given that their health concerns are already heightened due to adverse living conditions (e.g., low-income, poor housing conditions, and food insecurity). For expectant mothers, these issues may increase the risk of low birth weight or child mortality; for others experiencing stress and other mental health challenges, these issues impact life expectancy and suicide rates.
- In 2020, the percentage of babies born with low birth weight was 7.2%, up from 6.3% in the year 2000.
- The percentage of low birth weight babies has been increasing, although there are considerable year to year fluctuations.
GHealth and Health ServicesIndicators
G1. Food Bank Use
Individuals served by Edmonton’s Food Bank: Data received directly from Edmonton’s Food Bank
G2 to G7. Life Expectancy, Sexually Transmitted Infections, Low birth weight babies, infant mortality rate, teen birth rate, suicide rate
Alberta Health (2020). Alberta Interaction Health Data Application, Edmonton Zone. Retrieved from: http://www.ahw.gov.ab.ca/IHDA_Retrieval/selectCategory.do
(1) Raphael, D. (2004). Introduction to the social determinants of health. In D. Raphael (ed.) Social Determinates of Health: Canadian perspectives. Toronto: Canadian Scholar's Press Inc.